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Millennium Development Goal 8

Millennium Development Goal 8: Global Partnership for development

In relation to the recent World Humanitarian Day Global Concern will look at the Millennium Development goals and where do we stand on goal 8, which is Global Partnership for Development.  The Global Partnership for Development is striving towards an open rule based financial trading system, address the special needs of least developed countries landlocked and developing states. Secondly deal comprehensively with debt burdens for developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and lastly increase access to new technologies.

Since 2011 core development aid has fallen for the first time in a decade as donor countries face fiscal constraints. The net aid costs amounted to $133.5 billion, which represents only 0.31 percent of countries combined income.  In 2011 Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden continued to exceed the United Nations ODA Target of 0.7 percent of Gross National Income (GNI). Official Development Assistance (ODA) has been considered as a stable source of development financing. There has been a steady increase in ODA by 63 percent between 2000 and 2010. However based on donors current projections there will be a slowdown of aid from 2013. This is because global Country Programmable Aid (CPA) as the effects of recession is starting to show now. Aid has continued to be concentrated in the poorest countries with the group of least developed countries.  Aid to the African continent had increased by 0.9 percent to $31.4 billion in 2011 however remains below expectations.

The global digital divide is changing and in 2011, 75 per cent of worldwide mobile cellular subscriptions were in developing regions. Only 1 in 6 people in the developing world has access to the internet. Mobile technology and services have helped to overcome infrastructure barriers and has brought more people online. However there is a divide between quality, capacity and speed of the internet and are things that need to be addressed.

The MDG Goal Partnership for Development in cooperation with the private sector to make available new technologies available in developing countries.

Target 8.A:
Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system

  • Despite the pledges by G20 members to resist protectionist measures initiated as a result of the global financial crisis, only a small percentage of trade restrictions introduced since the end of 2008 have been eliminated. The protectionist measures taken so far have affected almost 3 per cent of global trade.

Target 8.B:
Address the special needs of least developed countries

  • Tariffs imposed by developed countries on products from developing countries have remained largely unchanged since 2004, except for agricultural products.
  • Bilateral aid to sub-Saharan Africa fell by almost 1 per cent in 2011.
  • There has been some success of debt relief initiatives reducing the external debt of heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) but 20 developing countries remain at high risk of debt distress.

Target 8.C:
Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States

  • Aid to landlocked developing countries fell in 2010 for the first time in a decade, while aid to small island developing States increased substantially.

Target 8.D:
Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries

  • At this time, it appears developing countries weathered the 2009 economic downtown and in 2011 the debt to GDP ratio decreased for many developing countries. Vulnerabilities remain. Expected slower growth in 2012 and 2013 may weaken debt ratios.

Target 8.E:
In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries

  • Resources available for providing essential medicines through some disease-specific global health funds increased in 2011, despite the global economic downturn.
  • There has been little improvement in recent years in improving availability and affordability of essential medicines in developing countries.

Target 8.F:
In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

  • 74 per cent of inhabitants of developed countries are Internet users, compared with only 26 per cent of inhabitants in developing countries.
  • The number of mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide by the end of 2011 reached 6 billion.

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